Christiaan Triebert+ Your Authors @trbrtc Visual Investigations @nytimes. Previously @bellingcat. Monitoring things, mostly niche. Retired hitchhiker. @quiztime. Usual caveats. Dec. 20, 2018 24 min read + Your Authors

Over the last week, protests have erupted across #Sudan, with NISS intelligence service stations being burnt and reports of the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) defending protestors in some locations. This is a developing thread for remotely monitoring the situation, h/t @trevorsnapp.

In Atbara, for example, protesters have set fire to the headquarters of ruling the National Congress Party, led by President Omar al-Bashir. There's plenty of visual evidence of the unrest, such as this video. Geolocation: 17.694190, 34.001319 ( https://www.google.com/maps/place/17%C2%B041'39.1%22N+34%C2%B000'04.8%22E/@17.69419,33.9991303,1068m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m13!1m6!3m5!1s0x0:0x9284fc3af525abf!2z2KfZhNmF2KTYqtmF2LEg2KfZhNmI2LfZhtmK!8m2!3d17.6941082!4d34.0012908!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d17.69419!4d34.0013189 ).

The NCP headquarters suffered heavy damage from the protests on 19 Dec 2018, as this photo shows (h/t @wasilalitaha). Second image shows the building in a better state, via their Facebook page.

One of the most common hashtags used by protesters is #مدن_السودان_تنتفض, which means something like “the cities of Sudan are rising”. The demonstrations started against rising bread prices and shortages of fuel — both commodities subsidised by the government.

Here's a good overview by @Reuters on the #مدن_السودان_تنتفض developments in Atbara, #Sudan — as well as mentioning the unrest in other cities, like Dongola, Sennar, and Qadarif.  https://www.reuters.com/article/us-sudan-protests/sudanese-security-forces-fire-teargas-after-hundreds-protest-in-atbara-idUSKCN1OJ0XT 

There are a lot of UNVERIFIED reports of ongoing clashes right now. Allegedly, Sudanese Armed Forces have clashed with government security forces. Looking into the photos and videos that are being published.

So far, I haven't found evidence that NISS stations were burned. However, office in Atbara of #Sudan's ruling NCP was set on fire. The claim that Sudanese Armed Forces are defending protestors not confirmed, but seems soldiers were indeed greeted by the crowd in Atbara, #Sudan.

This video allegedly shows security forces dispersing #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protestors with +10 shots being fired on 20 Dec 2018. One protestors is laying on the ground. Geolocation shows it happened in central Qadarif, #Sudan: 14.039463, 35.389654 ( https://www.google.com/maps/place/14%C2%B002'22.1%22N+35%C2%B023'22.8%22E/@14.039463,35.3890694,291m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m6!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d14.0394629!4d35.3896542 ).

Besides this video there are quite some images on social media of seemingly the same truck with apparent Sudanese Armed Forces being sympathetic to the #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protestors in Atbara, #Sudan.

Today, 20 Dec 2018, the famous Arab Spring slogan “الشعب يريد إسقاط النظام” (“the people want to bring down the regime”) is echoing through the streets of #Sudan. #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protests reported throughout the country. (📷 @4iml1)

The #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protests have been reported in at least 8 of the 18 Sudanese 🇸🇩 states:

1→ Khartoum
2→ North Kordofan
3→ Northern
4→ Blue Nile
5→ North Darfur
6→ River Nile
7→ Red Sea
8→ Qadarif

Graffiti on a make-shift roadblock during the #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protests reads “تسقط حكومة الحرامية”, or “down with the government of thieves”.

For others watching the protests and want to identify who's shooting, as a rule of thumb (but obviously with exceptions): Sudanese police usually wears a blue uniform, Sudanese Armed Forces green, khaki/desert for Rapid Support Forces (but they've been missing in action so far).

Besides Khartoum, the famous Arab Spring slogan “الشعب يريد إسقاط النظام” (“the people want to bring down the regime”) is chanted in Dongola as well. (📷 @zoolmogrd, via @BenDoBrown). Geolocation: 19.177782, 30.465290 ( https://www.google.com/maps/place/19%C2%B010'40.0%22N+30%C2%B027'55.0%22E/@19.177782,30.4643029,478m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m14!1m7!3m6!1s0x169dc9711def8ed5:0x3a29526fe2445108!2sDongola,+Sudan!3b1!8m2!3d19.1461403!4d30.4703258!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d19.1777823!4d30.46529 ).

Clashes between #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protestors and Sudanese police. This happened next to the Jackson Bus Station, geolocation of this video shows: 15.595106, 32.521198  https://www.google.com/maps/place/15%C2%B035'42.3%22N+32%C2%B031'16.5%22E/@15.594927,32.5209357,366m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m14!1m7!3m6!1s0x168e8fde9837cabf:0x191f55de7e67db40!2sKhartoum,+Sudan!3b1!8m2!3d15.5006544!4d32.5598994!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d15.5950955!4d32.521249 . (📷 @sudani_Drwaish).

(Just for the record, comparison of the van shown in the video and reference photos of Sudanese police vans suggest it is indeed Sudanese police.)

The Sudanese Armed Forces appear to be sympathetic to the anti-government #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protestors around Sudan — unlike the police. Haven't been able to geolocate those videos yet, but here is one allegedly from Qadaref.

(Original source of the above video is unclear, shared several times on Twitter but seems that it originated from a live Facebook video.)

Here's another video where apparent Sudanese Armed Forces are being welcomed by the protestors. This time a video (h/t @TAJO_mohamed) has been geolocated (thanks @trevorsnapp) to Qadaref; the pickup is driving past this junction: 14.042603, 35.386005 ( https://www.google.com/maps/place/14%C2%B002'33.5%22N+35%C2%B023'09.8%22E/@14.0430772,35.3840793,1031m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m14!1m7!3m6!1s0x0:0x0!2zMTTCsDAyJzMzLjQiTiAzNcKwMjMnMDkuNiJF!3b1!8m2!3d14.042603!4d35.386005!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d14.042646!4d35.3860498 ).

Three takeaways on the #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protests based on the monitoring thread so far. The English hashtags #SudanProtests and #Sudan_UpRising also starting to be picked up.

Hundreds of people are reporting that two of Sudan's biggest internet providers @ZainSudan + @MTNSudan1— have blocked Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp. Apparently social media are only reachable via VPN right now. Will affect open source monitoring for sure.

Meanwhile (in some locations) in Sudan's capital Khartoum.. life as usual on Snapchat.

It appears that #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protestors also stormed the Rural Council of the small town of Bawga in the Nile River State — and torched one of the buildings. Geolocation: 18.247310, 33.896051 ( https://www.google.com/maps/place/18%C2%B014'50.3%22N+33%C2%B053'45.8%22E/@18.24731,33.8954535,291m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m6!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d18.2473102!4d33.896051 ).

There's too much footage to analyse at this stage. But it highlights the scale of these widespread protests. Here's another photo of the small town of Bawga, with its Waldein Mosque (مسجد الوالدين) clearly visible. Geolocation: 18.251071, 33.896377.

👉 Please DM me if you have verification requests related to #مدن_السودان_تنتفض 👈

Here's an image of an alleged tear gas canister being used in Sudan. It appears to be exported by Norinco, a Chinese defense corporation. Reference image from their website is also a match:  http://www.norinco.com/GB/61/76/88/index.html . (📷 via @wdalhadu, cc @joeyayoub @ramah_kamal).

Yesterday, Sudanese activists launched a campaign to ID the police officer that allegedly fired a tear gas canister at a student that ended up in a hospital. Extreme caution necessary to avoid an angry mob molesting someone or misidentification of someone.

There's an ongoing, extensive internet censorship regime in place in #Sudan to suppress public demonstrations. That's what @netblocks and “thousands of volunteers” have found. Twitter, FB, IG, WhatsApp blocked. More (via @ckoettl):  https://netblocks.org/reports/study-shows-impact-of-sudan-internet-disruptions-amid-demonstrations-qr8Vj485.sudan-internet-disruptions-amid-demonstrations-qr8Vj485 .

“Sudanese internet provider @ZainSudan was found to have the most extensive blocking scheme, covering all key social platforms, followed by @MTNSudan1 which hasn't blocked WhatsApp, and @SudatelTelecom and Kanartel which have also been affected.”  https://netblocks.org/reports/study-shows-impact-of-sudan-internet-disruptions-amid-demonstrations-qr8Vj485 

The @netblocks study shows that restrictions are applied at ISP-level, meaning that blocking is not centralised — it happens at discretion of the individual companies like Zain and MTN which are using their own technical measures to selectively withhold internet acces in #Sudan.

Sudan entered its third day of protests with at least 12 people killed. Good write-up here by @MadaMasr with sources on the ground and verified footage.  http://bit.ly/2T2ckj9 

(Sorry — had minimal connection the past day. Will update soon with more verified material from Sudan.)

At least one 2S1 Gvozdika self-propelled howitzer (№24 / 184033) has been spotted on a deep loader driving around in Sudan's capital Khartoum on 23 Dec 2018. #مدن_السودان_تنتفص h/t @AbraxasSpa @Rebel44CZ

That same Sudanese Professionals' Organisation has conducted studies into poverty. They state that the minimum wage should be SDG8,664 ($47.50) to meet the requirements of living. All employees in North Darfur are living under the poverty line, they state.

Toyotas, apparently belonging to the police, were taken over by protestors in the city of Gadaref on 23 Dec 2018. Geolocation 14.038365, 35.390964 ( https://www.google.com/maps/place/14%C2%B002'18.1%22N+35%C2%B023'27.5%22E/@14.038365,35.3887753,1088m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m6!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d14.0383655!4d35.3909635 ). #مدن_السودان_تنتفض #SudanUprising

Protestors attacked the Governmental Secretariat in Rabak, the capital of the White Nile State. It appears shots were being fired, though it is unclear what exactly happened. Geolocation: 13.175749, 32.759879  https://www.google.com/maps/place/13%C2%B010'32.7%22N+32%C2%B045'35.6%22E/@13.175749,32.7592941,292m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m14!1m7!3m6!1s0x16f396125325914f:0x874a66ec6f66203!2sRabak,+Sudan!3b1!8m2!3d13.1795278!4d32.7520139!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d13.1757494!4d32.759879 ). #مدن_السودان_تنتفض

The protestors in Rabak apparently got support from Sudanese Armed Forces, this video —also filmed in front of the Governmental Secretariat— appears to show. These two videos already appeared on 21/22 Dec 2018. Geolocation: 13.175942, 32.759670.

The National Workers Bank in Rabak was also attacked by protestors, and suffered quite some damage. Here's a before and after photo of the bank in the centre of White Nile capital. Geolocation: 13.180845, 32.750742  https://www.google.com/maps/place/13%C2%B010'51.0%22N+32%C2%B045'02.7%22E/@13.180845,32.7501608,290m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m6!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d13.1808446!4d32.7507416  📷 Abazr Almearag + @timbesh941.

This video shows protestors in front of the ravaged National Workers Bank in Rabak, #Sudan. (Before and after photos in the tweet above.) Seems a wounded protestor is carried away. #مدن_السودان_تنتفض

Indeed. Maj. Gen. Mohie al-Din al-Hadi apparently “asked those demonstrating to refrain from damaging public property, saying that he would protect protestors if they committed themselves to peaceful demonstration.” (via @MadaMasr)

Also, this.

Geolocating the widespread #SudanUprising on a @ushahidi map. Happy that we @Bellingcat can contribute a tiny bit to this. Please @ or DM me if you want to see specific footage or reports from a location verified and I'll do my best.  https://sure2018.ushahidi.io/views/map 

Seems that cars (mostly Toyotas, seemingly owned by the police) were already being burned in Qadarif on 20 Dec 2018. Here's a whole batch of photos, same geolocation as this photo: . (Photos via  https://www.facebook.com/wad.alfateh.58/posts/554504688350890 ).

More Chinese-made Norinco tear gas canisters, reportedly fired near the Al-Hilal Stadium (ملعب الهلال) in Omdurman, #Sudan, on 23 Dec 2018. Different kind than these ones, though: . H/t @ramah_kamal.

In a live broadcast speech, Hamadati speaks out against Sudan's “corrupt” government. Hamadati is the leader of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF, formerly Janjaweed) which is administered by Bashir-loyal NISS and commanded by SAF. (h/t @faisal_elyas/@jnbptst)  https://www.facebook.com/bashirdiary/videos/2002674183160928 

“Hamadati” or “Hemeti” —a nickname for Mohamed Hamdan Dogolo— defected to the government along with thousands of militiamen in 2007-2008 during the War in Darfur. Now, 10 years later, it seems he seizes the #مدن_السودان_تنفض moment to turn on President Bashir.

(It's worth mentioning that I've seen several Sudanese #مدن_السودان_تنفض protestors disavow Hemeti and his speech, saying he is a “corrupt”, “hypocrite” and/or “criminal”.)

Given today's speech, this report on Khartoum's reliance on local militias to fight periphery wars is worth reading. Sure, it's cheap.. but militia leaders are demanding more financial and political rewards, and their loyalty has become more unreliable.  http://www.smallarmssurveysudan.org/fileadmin/docs/issue-briefs/HSBA-IB-27-Sudanese-paramilitary-forces.pdf 

Large protests continue in Khartoum today. There's a lot of footage coming out, some of which are livestreams. @BenDoBrown is watching one of them, and gunshots are being heard. Activists also upload footage of the alleged live rounds that were fired. .

There's also heavy security presence in Khartoum, such as this video shows. It's filmed at Nile St (15.607218, 32.505263), but geolocation is not necessarily of much use: much unclarity atm about RSF, SAF, NISS and police activity and their loyalties.

From 2015: “Analysts said the inevitable outcome of the Janjaweed's deployment in Khartoum and the conflict zones will be a crisis which would bring chaos to Khartoum, as the Janjaweed are an undisciplined militia and their leader wants to gain power.”  https://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/politics/2015/5/25/the-janjaweed-sudans-ticking-time-bomb 

Yassir Abdallah, a journalist for the Al-Sudani newspaper, has reportedly been taken to hospital after he was harmed by security personnel who are claimed to have fired ammunition into the newspaper's office. Seems a gunshot can be heard in this video.

(There's honestly too much going on to keep track of, and to verify all the claims, apologies for that.)

Security personnel appear to be using tear gas grenades with a pink additive, probably to allow them to identify people affected with the gas. Online, people make fun of it: “The revolutionaries are praising its romantic color.” H/t @MeKassab @3arabawy

Here's footage of plain-clothed and uniformed persons beating and throwing people into the back of a white pick-up truck. Gunshots are heard. H/t @jnbptst, geolocated by @BenDoBrown near Khartoum University's Medical Campus ( https://www.google.com/maps/place/15%C2%B035'48.5%22N+32%C2%B031'45.6%22E/@15.5968152,32.5271383,824m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m6!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d15.5968104!4d32.5293273?shorturl=1 ).

President Bashir vowed to “take real reforms to guarantee a decent life for citizens”, according to @SUNA_AGENCY. But protestors yelled at the alleged presidential convoy (or of his aides): “Go, go, Bashir!” (“طير طير يا بشير”) Geolocation: 14.770317, 33.362668. 📹 FB

For the record: that video is from the exact same location in Rufaa (Al Jazirah State), where this photo was taken ( https://www.google.com/maps/place/14%C2%B046'14.8%22N+33%C2%B021'47.7%22E/@14.770317,33.362082,290m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m14!1m7!3m6!1s0x168b823778d80b5d:0x27aa2237def5491b!2sAl+Jazirah,+Sudan!3b1!8m2!3d14.8859611!4d33.438353!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d14.7707751!4d33.3632352 ).

An “Anonymous” campaign dubbed #OpSudan has started to take down Sudanese governmental websites. Over a dozen websites are already down, incl  http://presidency.gov.sd ,  http://moi.gov.sd  and  http://moe.gov.sd  (via @BenDoBrown @jnbptst).

Protests ⁧#مدن__السودان_تنتفض⁩ are also raging in South Kordofan. These protestors stand near at least one compound on fire —allegedly a NISS office— in Tartar (الترتر) on 23 Dec 2018. @sentinel_hub satellite imagery appears to show the fire damage.  https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10157078417174974&id=678619973 .

This photo shows a #مدن_السودان_تنتفضِ protest crowd in between the houses of judges and the alleged NISS office in Um Ruwaba (North Kordofan), #Sudan (geolocation:  https://www.google.com/maps/place/12%C2%B054'08.2%22N+31%C2%B012'28.9%22E/@12.9022724,31.2074559,277m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m14!1m7!3m6!1s0x16ee75adef09867f:0x3a2be4791bab0eb1!2sUmm+Ruwaba,+Sudan!3b1!8m2!3d12.9028236!4d31.2282958!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d12.9022709!4d31.2080398 ). Photo was taken from the “House of the Resident Judge”.

Here are more photos from that same protest in the city Um Ruwaba (أم روابة), this time street-level view with the “House of the Resident Judge” in the background, opposite of alleged NISS office. (Previous 📷 via @aalia_azhar, this tweet's 📷s via  https://www.facebook.com/said.eltayb/posts/2212058468838425 ).

Photos above are from 23 Dec 2018 protest, where reportedly shots were fired. This graphic video —allegedly filmed in Um Ruwaba— shows a heavily injured young male. The communication tower may be a match with the one in the above photos.  https://www.facebook.com/sahar.osman2/videos/10156510524252702/ 

(Disclaimer: putting building names in quotation marks or have added “alleged” — geolocation is correct, but have not confirmed whether it is really a NISS office or the houses of judges.)

“Uprising, uprising.. corrupt forces! There's not support.. the forces are corrupt!” Sudanese children sing in this anti-government chant. (Via @APHClarkson).

At least 23 pickup trucks, some with a mounted anti-aircraft gun, seen in this video from Khartoum, uploaded this morning — the 9th day of ongoing anti-government protests in Sudan. #مدن_السـودان_تنتفض

“Footage geolocated to area near شمال رويال كير hospital in Khartoum. h/t @Shohydz for video. Location الخرطوم: بري ( https://goo.gl/maps/jwdk82SB9eC2 )” — via @BenDoBrown

On 26 Dec 2018, at least 25 technicals were seen driving around in Khartoum during the #مدن_السـودان_تنتفض protests. Here's one of those woodland camouflaged Toyota's with a mounted Chinese-made W85 heavy machine gun and around a dozen RPGs. (📸 @S0haiBY)

As tensions continue to mount in Sudan, it'll be useful to get a sense of who gets deployed where, and who is shooting and who is not. Is it NISS? Is it SAF? Is it RSF? IDing to whom these vehicles belong can be hard, but there are some visual clues that may help. 👇

The green-camouflaged Toyota convoy of ~25 technicals had mostly “traditional red SAF licence plates with white letters and numbers” while others had “grey SAF licence plates with white characters”, as @JonHutson has noted: .

The apparent SAF technicals also had “M 34” marked on the driver-side doors, @JonHutson noted. “M” may refer to “mazalat” (مظلات) or “paratroopers” in Arabic, unit number 34. (Only 2 technicals did not have these markings, @JonHutson highlighted.)

Any other footage of this apparent SAF technical convoy deployed to Khartoum on 26 Dec 2018, and possibly the days after too, is welcome, to get a better understanding on what they were doing there.

Yesterday, in an apparent “show of force”, a group of at least 8 technicals showed up at the Ansar Mosque (مسجد الانصار) in Omdurman. Activists say they were mounted with LMGs. Clearly a different group than the “SAF” technicals detailed above. (📸 https://www.facebook.com/FreeSudanese2018/posts/1978318638915581?__tn__=-R )

Geolocation of the 8 non-camouflaged and different coloured Toyota pickup trucks at the Ansar Mosque (مسجد الانصار) in Omdurman's Wad Nubawi on 28 Dec 2018. Activists say they were mounted with HMGs, and were a “show of force” during the prayers:  https://www.google.com/maps/place/15%C2%B039'25.1%22N+32%C2%B029'45.5%22E/@15.6569696,32.495293,311m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m14!1m7!3m6!1s0x168e8d01038fb06f:0x9cdae4ec80138867!2sWad+Nubawi,+Omdurman,+Sudan!3b1!8m2!3d15.6596419!4d32.4934236!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d15.6569677!4d32.4959589 ).

This 28 Dec 2018 photo with +15 pickup trucks without visible markings and loaded with liver-colored berets wearing forces in desert camo can be geolocated to the Wad al-Busair street in Omdurman, meaning the convoy is facing west:  https://www.google.com/maps/place/15%C2%B039'40.1%22N+32%C2%B029'34.8%22E/@15.6610334,32.4927258,148m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m14!1m7!3m6!1s0x168e8d03ce806509:0x58cec1b8d0bec05b!2z2LTYp9ix2Lkg2YjYryDYp9mE2KjYtdmK2LEsIFVtbSBEdXJtYW4sIFN1ZGFu!3b1!8m2!3d15.6611349!4d32.4949826!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d15.6611324!4d32.4930031 .

Besides at least eight Toyotas, there are two Sudanese-made SarSar APCs visible in this video, reportedly filmed in Khartoum today.

Good, concise overview here by Channel 4 on the ongoing #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protests in Sudan. H/t @DariusBazargan @YousraElbagir @elzobier.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ePTAsKk5m74 

For those that want to catch up with two weeks of #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protests, @TheSoufanCenter has made a concise overview in their daily intel brief: “Protests in #Sudan: Is Change Finally on the Horizon?”  https://mailchi.mp/thesoufancenter/protests-in-sudan-is-change-finally-on-the-horizon?e=128366a05f 

“As he ushered in the new year, al-Bashir offered reassurances that foreign investment would provide the boost necessary to lift Sudan out of its current economic morass. Perhaps unsurprisingly, these investments are likely to originate in Beijing, Moscow, and Riyadh.”

Sudanese doctors have not only been treating those caught up in the violence, but also leading some protests. And now, medics appear to have become targets themselves. @YousraElbagir reports.  https://www.channel4.com/news/sudans-opposition-calls-for-more-protests-against-omar-al-bashir 

Thousands protested against Bashir's 29-year autocratic rule, marching on his Nile-side palace, chanting “Freedom peace, and justice, revolution is the people's choice!”  https://apnews.com/65b2d92e3bf54504835e8e69d22f1fa0 

What appears to be a Korean-made Jino riot control vehicle (№ 39276) was spotted in Khartoum's Al Souq Al Arabi today (geolocation  https://www.google.com/maps/place/15%C2%B035'54.4%22N+32%C2%B031'23.9%22E/@15.598439,32.5227608,270m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m13!1m6!3m5!1s0x0:0x4ee35b0bd6149c54!2z2LXZitmG2YrYqSDYp9mE2YLZhtiv2YjZhA!8m2!3d15.5985578!4d32.5233752!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d15.598439!4d32.5233077 ). First time this vehicle is deployed at the #مدن_السـودان_تنتفض protests, some activists say. H/t @elhadi_mohamd.

Worth mentioning that Jino riot control vehicle series (JRC) are divided by water tank capacity: 6500, 9000, and 12000. Customer can request to model it per chassis, e.g. Mercedes Benz, MAN, Hino, Tata, or Daewoo.

South Sudan bars media from covering #مدن_السـودان_تنتفض: “The ongoing protests in Khartoum are internal issues affecting a friendly nation, the media in South Sudan should not write or broadcast instigative statements and comments about it” H/t @EricaMa16  https://radiotamazuj.org/en/news/article/south-sudan-media-regulator-bars-media-from-covering-sudan-protests 

Anti-government graffiti seen in Atbara, #Sudan — the city where the current #مدن_السـودان_تنتفض protests started. It refers to Bashir's autocratic regime, saying “It must fall and nothing less” (تسقط بس). H/t @3ozaz.

Disturbing footage from Sudan, showing persons — allegedly Central Reserve Police (CRP) — firing into the premises of one of Omdurman's main hospitals. It was filmed from here:  https://www.google.com/maps/place/15%C2%B038'32.1%22N+32%C2%B029'16.5%22E/@15.6422876,32.4872714,274m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m9!1m2!2m1!1shospital!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d15.6422482!4d32.4879174 . #مدن_السـودان_تنتفض (h/t @jehannehenry).

10 days into the #مدن_السـودان_تنتفض protests, an “unidentified philanthropist” flew reportedly 32 tonnes of flour into Sudan with an Ilyushin IL-76TD (RA-76352) on 29 Dec 2018. Extremely high bread prices were one of the catalysts for the ongoing demonstrations.

The IL-76TD (RA-76352) has been used for @WFP flights before. Public flight tracking data courtesy of @flightradar24 shows the Ilyushin departed from Moscow (ZIA) on 29 Dec 2018, but the signal is lost when the plane neared Egypt.  https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/ra-76352#1f044f47 

Sudanese forces attacked a hospital (see tweets above) with tear gas and live ammo. Lots of UGC available, but still very little coverage in international media. Fortunately, @Channel4News (e.g. @DariusBazargan) has produced an excellent report on this.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gPXZZ2F8-Pg 

With rumours of Russian military and PMC activity in Sudan, here's a throwback to 2008, when a MiG-29F fighter jet was shot down in Khartoum by Justice and Equality Movement rebels. Surprisingly, the pilot was a Russian national. (H/t @EihabAD).  https://www.sudantribune.com/Russia-says-fighter-pilot-shot,27350 

Visual evidence of Ural-4320 trucks in Khartoum appeared in late Dec 2018. Russian speaking persons were present, activists claimed. With help of
@3ozaz who recognised Aman Petrol, this specific photo was geolocated to Omdurman. More at
@CITeam_en https://citeam.org/are-ru-mercenaries-suppressing-the-sudan-protests/?lang=en 

What appears to be a Jino riot control vehicle that was spotted on 6 Jan () has been spotted again today in Bahri (northern Khartoum). (📷 @mansouromerr, via @john_marquee).

Sudanese activists and others are trying to ID this object. Any idea? (H/t @john_marquee)

This object looks similar to the one above.

More photos of what appears to be a similar, still unidentified, object, reportedly used by security forces in Sudan during the protests. First photo includes a Norinco tear gas canister as well. (h/t @john_marquee, photos via @mogamohammed2 and @Alimahmoud09).

This photo of what appears to be an improvised spike strip is shared among Sudanese activists. Security forces have been using pick-up truck to advance on protestors, and this may impede or stop their vehicles, it is hoped. (H/t @john_marquee)

Persons dressed in military fatigue and others in civilian clothes severely beating a person at Al-Mauna Street in Bahri, Khartoum, before placing him in a white Toyota Land Cruiser pick-up truck. Geolocation:  https://www.google.com/maps/place/15%C2%B038'52.4%22N+32%C2%B031'51.9%22E/@15.647886,32.5305355,270m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m14!1m7!3m6!1s0x168e8d7fd12d0537:0x6fb144b1ef1900af!2sAl-Ma+Una+St,+Khartoum+North,+Sudan!3b1!8m2!3d15.6508832!4d32.5312208!3m5!1s0x0:0x0!7e2!8m2!3d15.6478863!4d32.5310839 . (Video @SouljaAzzAmo @john_marquee).

Unconfirmed reports that Sudanese security forces are using a DJI Inspire drone to monitor the protests.

Monitoring protests in the year 2019.. As if you're standing in the middle of it. Here are two 360-degree videos of the #مدن_السودان_تنتفض protests in Sudan.  https://www.facebook.com/abdalla.gafar.3/posts/10161331044390707 

The nationwide protests in #Sudan take place almost every day for over a month now. Footage keeps coming in, sometimes showing security forces firing tear gas, live ammunition, and detaining protestors. This is footage from today. (H/t @john_marquee).

And once again, Sudanese security forces are firing tear gas at a medical facility. Two weeks ago it was the Omdurman Teaching Hospital (), today it is the Elrazi University's Education Hospital.

Footage of yesterday shows how a white pick-up truck, apparently belonging to Sudanese security forces, drives over a small group of protesters.

Used tear-gas canisters are used to write a popular anti-government slogan “تسقط بس” (“It must fall and nothing less”), referring to the Bashir.

Slightly more alluring translation of “تسقط بس” is “Just fall, that is all”, as used in this report by @declanwalsh, which discusses Babiker Salama, a 27-year-old doctor who died after he was apparently hit in his upper torso by shotgun pallets on 17 Jan.  https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/24/world/africa/sudan-protests-omar-hassan-al-bashir.html 

“NISS found the thatcher [pick-up truck] that ran over the mourners in front of the martyr's house.” (Activists ridiculing a statement of a Sudanese government spokesperson who claimed that Babiker had been shot by a women who pulled a pistol from her purse.)

(Some context for the photo above: activists are referring to a recent incident where, reportedly, a NISS pick-up truck ran over a group of people that were demonstrating near the house of a student that was allegedly killed during the protests.)

Sudanese activists use fired tear gas canisters as a pen case, motorbike handle bar, and as a plant pot. (Similar usage seen before in Gaza and the West Bank:  https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2441997/Palestinian-gardener-uses-spent-tear-gas-canisters-PLANT-POTS.html .)

“Changing the government or presidents cannot be done through WhatsApp or Facebook,” President Bashir told a televised rally attended by hundreds of loyalists in Kassala. (But social media does allows the world to see a part of what's going on in #Sudan.)  https://www.yahoo.com/news/sudans-bashir-whatsapp-facebook-dont-replace-presidents-103044398.html 

As seen in above thread, many visuals from #مدن_السودان_تنتفض show masked men chasing down protesters, beating them and dragging them away to secret detention centres. Who are they? @BenDoBrown @klaasvandijken @Yaolri @john_marquee and others find out.  https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-africa-47216487/what-happens-inside-sudan-s-secret-detention-centres 

(Absolutely great and important work here by the #BBCAfricaEye team, combining traditional reporting with open source investigation: @BenDoBrown, Abdulmoniem Suleiman, @klaasvandijken. @Yaolri, @yvd_w, @john_marquee, @bertram_hill1 @attwoodch, @nahlaelnemr and @danielsilas.)

“Hemeti”, the commander of Sudan's Rapid Support Forces, reportedly went on record to say he and his militia are “with the people”. Back in December, he said something similar but the RSF continued to violently support Bashir. (H/t @babimarcolini).

While stating it is the RSF's task to protect citizens, “Hemeti” signals no active rebellion against President Bashir: “We will address everyone who attacks people and their property [and state institutions].”  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JSZ8gvVHDMw  (H/t @3ozaz @jnbptst).

(This is, again, worth taking into account: ).

“As the country marks 100 days of the protest movement, members of Sudan’s armed and security forces face a critical choice: rebel against their government or stay loyal to the president.” Insightful read by @jnbptst in the @washingtonpost.  https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2019/04/10/protests-sudan-are-escalating-heres-what-you-need-know/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.8fc6b4e53052 

The Sudanese Armed Forces have overthrown President Bashir after months of protests against his nearly 30-year rule. But this military coup announced by Defence Minister Ibn Ouf is met with cynicism and anger on Khartoum's streets: “We don't want you!”

For those catching up with the developments in Sudan on this historic day, here's a good overview.  https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/11/world/africa/sudan-omar-hassan-al-bashir.html 

In response to the military coup, the Sudanese Professionals Association — which has been organizing the protests — calls for the continuation of sit-ins in five locations across the country.

A day after ousting Bashir and seizing power, Defence Minister Ibn Ouf steps down after facing ongoing protests in Sudan. The newly appointed successor: Lt Gen Abdel-Fattah al-Burhan, the former Chief of Staff of the Land Forces. (Via @malachybrowne).  https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-47913338 

Subthread on the Emirati-made vehicles that have been spotted on the streets of #Sudan.

Social media was the backbone of #Sudan's nonviolent opposition movement, providing global exposure to the revolution and letting Bashir know that the world was watching, writes @3ozaz. But the current internet shutdown leaves us mostly in the dark.  https://smex.org/sudan-junta-shuts-down-internet-to-cover-up-horrific-human-rights-violations 

The internet shutdown creates a number of challenges for the revolutionary movement in #Sudan, @3ozaz asserts. Firstly, documenting possible HR violations has become difficult — both outside and inside the country, e.g. families who have a missing person.  https://smex.org/sudan-junta-shuts-down-internet-to-cover-up-horrific-human-rights-violations/ 

Secondly, it's hard to reach persons that may need immediate help. For example, medics trying to reach rape victims to inform them about post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV, have to primarily rely on word of mouth rather than connecting through social media. (Via @3ozaz).

Thirdly, many of the sit-ins were organized and coordinated through mass messages on @Facebook, @Twitter and @WhatsApp. Now, organizers are said to be going door to door to share important announcements; physical movement that make them vulnerable.  https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/sudanese-revolution-190607082209760.html 

Protestors in #Sudan have announced a large demonstration tomorrow. They planned a press conference today, which was reportedly broken up by forces aligned with the Transitionary Military Council.

“With the internet largely cut off for the past month, organizers resorted to text messages, word of mouth and messengers wielding megaphones to spread word of Sunday’s protest in Khartoum’s suburbs.” And tens of thousands showed up.  https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/30/world/africa/sudan-protest-hamdan.html 

So, Internet access in #Sudan is scarce. For the bits of information that do go out the country onto the world wide web.. make sure to follow @john_marquee who does a great job at geolocating and analyzing the footage.

.@john_marquee also collected some of the most used hashtags for those of you that want to see what's said and posted regarding yesterday's June 30 protests in #Sudan:

#مليونيه30يونيو
#راقبوا_السودان_في_30يونيو
#مليونه30يونيو
#مليونية30يونيو
#مواكب30يونيو

Closed UNAMID bases in Darfur were supposed to be handed over to the Sudanese government for civilian purposes, but are instead used by the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). The TMC has demanded that the remaining bases are handed over directly to the RSF.  https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/06/07/document-of-the-week-sudans-paramilitaries-are-seizing-abandoned-u-n-outposts-in-darfur/ 

Amnesty's @jonathanloeb says it is “bewildering that the UN and AU would even consider removing the last peacekeepers from Darfur, effectively handing over control of civilian areas in Jebel Marra to [the RSF] at this time.”  https://www.amnestyusa.org/press-releases/fresh-evidence-of-government-sponsored-crimes-in-darfur-shows-drawdown-of-peacekeepers-premature-and-reckless/ 

The streets [i.e. the masses] can't be stopped by a [T-55A “Digna”] tank, protestors in Khartoum #Sudan say.

Thousands have taken the streets again in #Sudan this weekend, demanding civilian over military rule.

📹 @NabeilShakoor
HT @Drsalmaa @3ozaz @ain92ru @oryxspioenkop

As the government-imposed internet blackout in #Sudan was lifted, hundreds of videos surfaced. Journalists, activists, and researchers alike analyzed them, gaining a better insights in the mass killings on June 3, 2019, dubbed the “Ramadan Killings”. Here are 3 examples 👇

First, @Channel4News, highlighting several of the unseen videos. By @YousraElbagir and @sally_gould.  https://www.channel4.com/news/sudan-military-authorities-lift-internet-blackout-revealing-videos-of-violent-crackdown 

Secondly, #BBCAfricaEye, placing you on the ground in Khartoum by using livestreamed videos of protestors. By @BenDoBrown, @danielsilas, @john_marquee, @Yaolri and others.  https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-africa-48956133/sudan-s-livestream-massacre 

Thirdly, @MiddleEastEye's @KaamilAhmed placing you in the shoes of the main culprit of the massacre: the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). Because they filmed themselves too (you'll notice at least one of the same guys as in the #BBCAfricaEye video).  https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/rsf-khartoum-how-sudan-feared-militia-janjaweed-filmed-deadly-assault-protesters 

Profile on Hemeti: “The tragedy of the Sudanese marginalized is that the man who is posing as their champion is the ruthless leader of a band of vagabonds, who has been supremely skillful in playing the transnational military marketplace.“ #Sudan  https://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/2019/07/01/general-mohamed-hamdan-dagolo-hemedti/ 

يجمع الأرشيف السوداني وثائق بصرية من مصادر إعلاميّة أوّلية ومفتوحة المصدر. حيث نتحقق من البيانات وننظمها لتصبح قابلة للإستخدام في إعداد التقارير الصحفية ودعم حملات المناصرة و بناء القضايا القانونية ضد مرتكبي انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان.

@Sudan_Archive
 http://www.sudanesearchive.org 

The @Sudan_Archive is now online. It's is a collective of human rights organizations, independent media, and engaged citizens working in #Sudan to monitor and curate visual documentation related to the uprising and (post-)coup.

 https://sudanesearchive.org/en 


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