The Royal Society @royalsociety The Royal Society is a Fellowship of the world's most eminent scientists and is the oldest scientific academy in continuous existence. Apr. 17, 2019 9 min read

“It is our Fellowship that has remained a constant thread and the substance from which our purpose has been realised: to use science for the benefit of humanity. “ Venki Ramakrishnan PRS
Meet our new Fellows  https://royalsociety.org/news/2019/04/royal-society-announces-2019-fellows/ 
#RSFellows

Caucher Birkar FRS of @Cambridge_Uni won the Fields Medal in 2018 as well as prizes from the American Mathematical Society, the Fondation Sciences Mathematiques de Paris, and the Philip Leverhulme prize  https://royalsociety.org/people/caucher-birkar-14079/ 
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Lucy Carpenter FRS is an atmospheric chemist based at @Uniofyork. Her research focusses on the role halogens play in many aspects of the chemistry of the atmosphere and is vital for global policy to repair the ozone hole
 https://royalsociety.org/people/lucy-carpenter-14083/ 
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Bernard Fanaroff FRS is known for his discovery of Fanaroff-Riley classification of extragalactic radio sources. He currently works on the @SKA_telescope in South Africa.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/bernard-fanaroff-14089/ 
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Liz Sockett FRS is a leading authority on genetics and biochemistry. She has demonstrated how predatory bacteria provide an opportunity to apply a “living antibiotic”  https://royalsociety.org/people/liz-sockett-14125/  #RSFellows

Richard Jozsa FRS is one of the founders of the field of quantum information science. He is a co-inventor of the process of quantum teleportation and pioneered much of our understanding of the role of entanglement and other quantum resources
 https://royalsociety.org/people/richard-jozsa-14101/ 
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Molly Shoichet FRS, a renowned scientist working at the interface of chemistry, engineering and biology, pioneered a new approach to circumvent the blood-brain barrier, thereby overcoming a key challenge of local delivery to the brain
 https://royalsociety.org/people/molly-shoichet-14124/ 
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Steve Kay FRS has made a continuous series of seminal discoveries in plants and animals regarding the biological clocks that control 24-hour circadian rhythms
 https://royalsociety.org/people/steve-kay-14103/ 
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Salim Abdool Karim FRS has made major innovative contributions that have impacted the epidemiology, transmission and prevention of HIV/AIDS, especially in South Africa  https://royalsociety.org/people/salim-abdool-karim-14074/ 
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Kumar Wickramasinghe FRS developed and deployed the vibrating probe AFM and a range of scanning probe microscopes that are considered standard tools in today’s nanoscience and nanotechnology research
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 https://royalsociety.org/people/kumar-wickramasinghe-14134/ 

Doug Turnbull FRS made major contributions to understanding the role of mitochondria in health & disease. He has led the scientific development of a novel method to prevent the transmission of mitochondrial DNA disease (Mitochondrial Donation)
 https://royalsociety.org/people/doug-turnbull-14132/ 
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Caetano Reis e Sousa FRS has shed light on the cellular and molecular processes by which viruses, fungi and tumours trigger immune responses. His discoveries have led to a clearer understanding of the principles underlying immune function
 https://royalsociety.org/people/caetano-reis-e-sousa-14117/ 
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Julian Peto FRS worked on asbestos epidemiology and contributed directly to the European asbestos ban. He has also made seminal discoveries in cancer genetics, HPV research and cervical screening
 https://royalsociety.org/people/julian-peto-14115/ 
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Matthew Hurles FRS is a highly innovative scientist in the field of population and medical genetics, and a pioneer of understanding the causes and consequences of new mutations that arise from one generation to the next
 https://royalsociety.org/people/matthew-hurles-14100/ 
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Martin Head-Gordon FRS is a quantum chemist whose contributions have provided deep insight and inspired new chemistry experiments in areas ranging from reaction mechanisms to catalysis to astrochemistry
 https://royalsociety.org/people/martin-head-gordon-14099/ 
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Charles Bangham FRS is distinguished for his work on the virology and immunology of infection with the human T cell leukaemia virus, HTLV-1  https://royalsociety.org/people/charles-bangham-14075/  #RSFellows

Akshay Venkatesh FRS is one of the leading number theorists in the world. His works range from representation theory to the arithmetic and topology of locally symmetric spaces and homogeneous dynamics  https://royalsociety.org/people/akshay-venkatesh-14133/  #RSFellows

Barbara Sherwood Lollar FRS is a renowned geochemist whose work led to the discovery of new subsurface water domains and microbial life deep in the Earth’s crust  https://royalsociety.org/people/barbara-sherwood-lollar-14123/  #RSFellows

Ian Tomlinson FRS is a clinician & scientist who has combined molecular genetic analysis of familial and sporadic cancer with population studies to identify new mechanisms of cancer growth and new theories of cancer evolution  https://royalsociety.org/people/ian-tomlinson-14131/  #RSFellows

Leonid Sazanov FRS is distinguished for advancing understanding of the structure and mechanism of a respiratory enzyme. His efforts have opened the door for understanding the bases of a range of human diseases arising from mutations in complex I  https://royalsociety.org/people/leonid-sazanov-14121/  #RSFellows

Anne Osbourn FRS is renowned for her studies on plant natural products – function, biosynthesis, and mechanisms of metabolic diversification  https://royalsociety.org/people/anne-osbourn-14113/  #RSFellows

Anant Parekh FRS is noted for two major discoveries in the field of calcium signalling, mitochondria control the activity of store-operated calcium channels and his exploration of spatially restricted microdomains of calcium  https://royalsociety.org/people/anant-parekh-14114/ 
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David Nicholls FRS is distinguished for identifying roles of mitochondria in cellular physiology and pathology  https://royalsociety.org/people/david-nicholls-14111/  #RSFellows

John-Michael Kendall FRS is a seismologist who has made seminal contributions to our understanding of the structure and dynamics of Earth's interior  https://royalsociety.org/people/john-michael-kendall-14104/  #RSFellows

Mark Handley FRS has made many significant contributions to communications and distributed systems design and practice, with particular applications in the Internet and data centre protocols  https://royalsociety.org/people/mark-handley-14096/  #RSFellows

George Davey-Smith FRS is recognised internationally for the integration of genetics with observational human studies  https://royalsociety.org/people/george-davey-smith-14085/  #RSFellows

James Briscoe FRS has made significant contributions to solving long-standing problems in developmental biology.  https://royalsociety.org/people/james-briscoe-14081/  #RSFellows

Sarah Darby FRS has obtained and analysed data answering questions about the impact of ionising radiation on disease, providing important public health implications that have been incorporated into international guidance.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/sarah-darby-14073/ 
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Richard Harland FRS developed methods in Xenopus to identify embryonic patterning genes by mRNA injection, visualize expression by in situ hybridization, and determine in vivo functions by gain and loss of function.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/richard-harland-14097/ 
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Gurdyal Besra FRS is an outstanding interdisciplinary scientist who blends biochemistry, chemistry, structural biology, microbiology and immunology and who delivers rigorous and impactful outputs.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/gurdyal-besra-14077/ 
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Martin Embley FRS has made important contributions to changing how textbooks discuss the origin of eukaryotes, and to falsifying the three domains tree of life. He identified highly reduced forms of mitochondria in eukaryotes.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/martin-embley-14088/ 
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Jonathan Knight FRS research has led to the creation of fundamentally new forms of optical fibre which for many applications outperform conventional fibres.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/jonathan-knight-14106/ 
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Marta Kwiatkowska FRS has made pioneering and highly influential contributions to the principles of probabilistic model checking, a rigorous approach to modelling and verifying probabilistic systems.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/marta-kwiatkowska-14107/ 
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John Rodenburg FRS is a pioneer in the imaging technique known as ptychography, performing groundbreaking proof-of-principle demonstrations at optical, X-ray, and electron wavelengths.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/john-rodenburg-14118/ 
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Robert Tibshirani FRS has made contributions to the fields of bioinformatics and statistics and the invention of methods for the analysis of high dimensional data.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/robert-tibshirani-14130/ 
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Peter Butler FRS has made contributions to our understanding of nuclear structure, especially properties of nuclei far from the line of beta stability, elucidating many aspects of nuclear behaviour
 https://royalsociety.org/people/peter-butler-14082/ 
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Gagandeep Kang FRS has made comprehensive contributions to rotavirus research which have significantly informed our understanding of disease and vaccine performance in children who live in challenging environmental conditions
 https://royalsociety.org/people/gagandeep-kang-14102/ 
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Jonathan Flint FRS researches how inherited traits influence behaviour. His work has led to an improved understanding of the genetic architecture and molecular mechanisms underlying normal variation and complex disorders.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/jonathan-flint-14090/ 
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Christopher Hacon FRS is distinguished for his work in algebraic geometry, especially for his contributions to proving the existence of minimal models of complex algebraic varieties in all dimensions
 https://royalsociety.org/people/christopher-hacon-14094/ 
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Peter Haynes FRS is distinguished for his insightful analyses of the fluid dynamics of the atmosphere and oceans and the implications for mixing and chemical transport
 https://royalsociety.org/people/peter-haynes-14098/ 
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Mark Mayer FRS is recognized for seminal work on glutamate receptor channels. He has made groundbreaking observations that profoundly changed our view of receptor function and excitatory synaptic transmission in the brain.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/mark-mayer-14108/ 
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Gareth H McKinley FRS studies non-Newtonian fluid mechanics and rheology. More recently he has made advances in interfacial engineering (colloid science).
 https://royalsociety.org/people/gareth-mckinley-14109/ 
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Christine Orengo FRS is a leading computational biologist, whose contributions to protein structure classification, as seen in the CATH resource, have changed our understanding of protein sequence, structure and evolution
 https://royalsociety.org/people/christine-orengo-14112/ 
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Matthew Rushworth FRS is an international authority on frontal cortex and its role in cognition. He has developed anatomically grounded models of frontal cortical function in learning, decision making, and social cognition.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/matthew-rushworth-14120/ 
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Gregory Scholes FRS is recognised for his contributions to the study of electronic energy transfer, particularly natural photosynthetic light harvesting.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/gregory-scholes-14122/ 
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Manjul Bhargava FRS is a Fields medallist and a noted number theorist. His work includes discovery and study of new Gauss composition laws.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/manjul-bhargava-14078/ 
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Ben Blencowe FRS has made seminal contributions to understanding tissue-specific RNA splicing and gene regulation in mammalian cells.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/benjamin-blencowe-14080/ 
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Véronique Gouverneur FRS is an eminent contributor to organofluorine chemistry. She is distinguished for discovering synthetic and catalytic methods for late-stage fluorination that provide powerful new tools for medicine and pharmacology.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/veronique-gouverneur-14093/ 
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Roy Kerr FRS is known for the solution of Einstein's equations of General Relativity for rotating black holes, an epochal result now known as the Kerr metric, describing Kerr black holes.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/roy-kerr-14105/ 
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Paraskevas Sphicas FRS is a leading figure in the search for physics beyond the standard model at @CERN’s LHC. He defined and implemented the preparations for extracting physics from the CMS experiment.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/paraskevas-sphicas-14126/ 
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Jack Szostak FRS is known for his research on DNA recombination, and for fundamental contributions to our understanding of telomere structure and the role of telomere maintenance in preventing cellular senescence
 https://royalsociety.org/people/jack-szostak-14128/ 
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Andrew Taylor FRS has made innovative contributions to the early development of spallation neutron sources  https://royalsociety.org/people/andrew-taylor-14129/ 
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Barry Barish ForMemRS's leading role in LIGO’s detection of gravitational wave signals resulted in his sharing the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2017  https://royalsociety.org/people/barry-barish-14076/ 
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Brian Staskawicz ForMemRS is a pioneer in plant/microbe interactions. He was first to clone “avirulence” (recognized effector) genes from plant pathogens, and show their role in virulence, including the first TAL effector.  https://royalsociety.org/people/brian-staskawicz-14127/ 
#RSFellows

Hans Clevers ForMemRS devised protocols to expand stem cells indefinitely as organoids, thereby pioneering the use of mini-organs that recapitulate healthy or diseased human tissue in a dish.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/hans-clevers-14084/ 
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Elaine Fuchs ForMemRS transformed the understanding of skin stem cells and their application to regenerative medicine, genetic-syndromes and cancers
 https://royalsociety.org/people/elaine-fuchs-14091/ 
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James Rothman ForMemRS pioneered the study of vesicular trafficking using the biochemical cell-free reconstitution approach.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/james-rothman-14119/ 
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Sandra Díaz ForMemRS is a community and ecosystem ecologist who has played a pioneering role in developing the concept of functional trait diversity.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/sandra-diaz-14086/ 
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Jack Dongarra ForMemRS is distinguished for his contributions to algorithms for numerical linear algebra and the design and development of high-performance mathematical software.  https://royalsociety.org/people/jack-dongarra-14087/ 
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Inez Fung ForMemRS is an innovator in understanding atmospheric carbon compounds. She showed that CO2 levels are controlled both by atmospheric circulation and uptake by the biosphere and ocean
 https://royalsociety.org/people/inez-fung-14092/ 
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David Milstein ForMemRS has earned recognition for his designs and syntheses of novel catalysts (“pincer complexes”).
 https://royalsociety.org/people/david-milstein-14110/ 
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Akkihebbal Ravishankara ForMemRS has worked on the chemistry of the Earth’s atmosphere as it relates to stratospheric ozone depletion, climate change, and regional air quality.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/akkihebbal-ravishankara-14116/ 
#RSFellows

Yusuf Hamied FRS has worked to bring affordable drugs to populations. He is best known for his work on anti-retrovirals.
 https://royalsociety.org/people/yusuf-hamied-14095/ 
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