François Chollet @fchollet Deep learning @google. Creator of Keras, neural networks library. Author of 'Deep Learning with Python'. Opinions are my own. Apr. 24, 2019 1 min read

I think consciousness isn't a requirement for high intelligence, and the AI agents of the future won't be conscious by default. Inversely, creatures with relatively low intelligence may possess some degree of consciousness.

I see consciousness as a behavioral guidance mechanism similar to emotions. Emotions, like consciousness, aren't a requirement for intelligence, and strong AI won't have feelings by default. But both consciousness & emotions are quite useful for embodied creatures like ourselves.

I also see consciousness as both a qualitative and quantitative attribute: there is a threshold that a system has to cross in order to be conscious at all (0 to 1 -- a thermostat isn't conscious), and past that, systems may be more or less conscious.


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