The Royal Society @royalsociety The Royal Society is a Fellowship of the world's most eminent scientists and is the oldest scientific academy in continuous existence. Oct. 01, 2019 3 min read

We're celebrating #BlackHistoryMonth by highlighting some of the incredible contributions past black scientists, mathematicians and engineers have made to the modern world. We'll add new figures to this thread daily over the next few weeks.

Professor Thomas Odhiambo, @Cambridge_Uni alumnus, founded @icipe which has helped farmers across the world protect their crops through biological pest control methods, contributing to food security in Africa in the process:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dTTInMHdiW4&index=2&list=PLoEBu2Q8ia_MW2IiSaPXuQIh2fOLlgXbf 

#BlackHistoryMonth

Annie Easley was an African American computer scientist who analysed rocket propulsion systems and battery technology for @NASA. One of the earliest projects she worked on was running simulations for a planned nuclear reactor:  https://go.nasa.gov/2lBwmpD 

#BlackHistoryMonth

Edward Bouchet was the first African American to be awarded a PhD from any American university. When he completed his doctoral dissertation on “Measuring Refractive Indices”, he became one of only six people in the country with doctorates in physics.

#BlackHistoryMonth

Marie M Daly helped discover the relationship between high cholesterol and clogged arteries. This work opened up a new understanding of how foods and diet can affect the health of the heart and the circulatory system:  http://bit.ly/2nh6aAY 

#BlackHistoryMonth

Charles H Turner was a zoologist and scholar. He was the first person to discover that insects can hear and alter behaviour based on previous experience and that honeybees can recognise colours and patterns:  http://bit.ly/2n8sWLv 

#BlackHistoryMonth

Alice Ball was a chemist who developed the first successful treatment for those suffering from Hansen’s disease (leprosy). Sadly, she did not get to see the full impact of her discovery before her death, aged just 24:  http://bit.ly/2naS8RG  #BlackHistoryMonth

In addition to designing his own inventions, Lewis Latimer worked with some of the greatest inventors of the modern era, including Edison & Alexander Graham Bell. He is best known for his contributions to the patenting of the light bulb and the telephone.

#BlackHistoryMonth

Elbert Frank Cox and Euphemia Haynes were the first African American man and woman to be awarded a PhD in Mathematics.

#BlackHistoryMonth

Mae C Jemison was the first black woman to travel in space when she served as a mission specialist aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour. She orbited the Earth for nearly eight days during the mission.

#BlackHistoryMonth

Dorothy Vaughan was a mathematics teacher who became one of the leading mathematical engineers in the early days of the aerospace industry. She worked on the SCOUT Launch Vehicle Program that sent America’s first satellites into space:  http://bit.ly/2owPxCx  #BlackHistoryMonth

Katherine Johnson calculated and analysed the flight paths of many spacecraft during her 30+ years with the U.S. space program. Her knowledge of mathematics was instrumental in the return of the Apollo astronauts from the Moon:  https://go.nasa.gov/2MgBWZj 

#BlackHistoryMonth

Mary Jackson was NASA's first black female engineer. She developed expertise working with wind tunnels and analysing data on aircraft flight experiments. After 30 years with NASA, she decided to become an equal opportunity specialist to help women & minorities. #BlackHistoryMonth

Walter Hawkins is best known for inventing a plastic coating for telephone wires that made universal service possible:  https://www.nationalmedals.org/laureates/walter-lincoln-hawkins 

#BlackHistoryMonth

Gladys West leveraged her mathematical and programming expertise to invent an accurate model of the Earth. This was used as the foundation for the creation of the Global Positioning System (GPS):  https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-43812053 

#BlackHistoryMonth

George Washington Carver became a foremost botanist, inventor and teacher. He invented over 300 uses for the peanut and developed methods to prevent soil depletion. He was made a member British Royal Society of Arts:  https://www.biography.com/scientist/george-washington-carver 

#BlackHistoryMonth

George Edward Alcorn, Jr. invented an Imaging X-Ray Spectrometer. Two years later he devised an improved method of fabrication using laser drilling. The Imaging X-Ray Spectrometer revolutionised scientific research for NASA:  https://www.blackhistorymonth.org.uk/article/section/science-and-medicine/george-edward-alcorn-jr-inventor/ 

#BlackHistoryMonth

Patricia Era Bath is attributed to creating Laserphaco Probe, an invention which has helped to save the eyesight of millions and even restored sight to people who had been blind for more than 30 years:  https://www.blackhistorymonth.org.uk/article/section/science-and-medicine/patricia-era-bath-medical-revoloutionary/ 

#BlackHistoryMonth

Otis Bobby Boykin: best known for his work in the field of Electronics and his involvement in the improvement of the Pacemaker:  https://www.blackhistorymonth.org.uk/article/section/science-and-medicine/otis-bobby-boykin/ 

#BlackHistoryMonth

Charles Richard Drew, renowned surgeon and pioneer in the preservation of life-saving blood plasma. His research innovated blood banking processes and saved thousands of lives during the Second World War:  https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/african-americans-in-sciences/charles-richard-drew.html 

#BlackHistoryMonth

Ernest Everett Just was an internationally known biologist, zoologist, and physiologist. He made major contributions to the field of biology through his pioneering research:  https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/just-ernest-everett-1883-1941/ 

#BlackHistoryMonth


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