Xavi Ruiz+ Your Authors @xruiztru International Relations & History 📚• Before @UEenPeru & @Tepsaeu 💼 • Contributing author for @thevocaleurope ✍🏼 • I like to post maps and graphs 🌍📊 May. 24, 2020 3 min read + Your Authors

THREAD of awesome bastion forts around the world, also called star cities.

1. Bourtange, the Netherlands (1593)

2. Manjarabad Fort, India (1792)

3. Nossa Senhora da Graça Fort, Portugal (1763)

4. Neuf-Brisach, France (1697)

5. Goryōkaku fort, Japan (1864)

6. Kastellet, Denmark (1624)

7. Palmanova, Italy (1593)

8. Terezin, Czech Republic (1780)

By 1940 Nazi Germany turned Terezín into a Jewish ghetto and concentration camp.

9. Fort McHenry, USA (1798)

10. Castillo San Felipe del Morro, Puerto Rico (1539)

11. Nicosia, Cyprus (1570)

12. Fort of Santa Cruz de Itamaracá, Brazil (1631)

13. Kuressaare Castle, Estonia (1706)

14. Fort de Salses, France (1691)

15. Forte Stella Fortress, Italy (146)

16. Citadelle of Quebec, Canada (1820)

17. Kronborg Castle, Denmark (1574)

18. Castle of Good Hope, South Africa (1666)

19. Almeida, Portugal (1641)

20. Fort Independence in Boston (1634)

21. Barone Fortress, Croatia (1646)

22. Real Felipe Fortress, Peru (1747)

23. Naarden, the Netherlands (1673)

24. Rocroi, France (1670)

25. Alba Carolina Citadel, Romania (1715)

26. Royal Fortress of the Concepción, Spain (1663)

Fort Wood, USA (1806)

28. Fort Jefferson, USA (1847)

29. Jaca Citadel, Spain (1592)

30. Peter and Paul Fortress, Russia (1703)

31. Charles fort, Ireland (1670)

32. Castel Sant'Angelo in Rome, Italy (1520)

33. Daugavpils Fortress, Latvia (1810)

34. Sant Ferran Castle, Spain (1753)

35. Zelená Hora, Czech Republic (1719)

36. Jaffna Fort, Sri Lanka (1625)

37. Belgrade Fortress, Serbia (1723)

38. Peschiera del Garda, Italy (1550)

39. Willemstad, the Netherlands (1634)

40. Saint-Martin-de-Ré, France (1620)

41. Citadel of Pamplona, Spain (1571)

42. Lucca, Italy (1545)

43. Dömitz Fortress, Germany (1559)

44. Castillo de San Marcos, USA (1672)

45. Josefov, Czech Republic (1787)

46. Valletta, Malta (1566)

47. Valença Fortress, Portugal (1750)

48. Fort of San Diego, Mexico (1778)

49. Also my city, Barcelona, had a star fort! (XVIII)

50. Heusden, the Netherlands (1579)

51. Bihu Loukon, India (age of the fort has not been established)

52. Citadel of Alessandria, Italy (1732)

53. Montlluís, France (1681)

54. Bohus Fortress, Sweden (1590)

55. Citadelle de Bitche, France (1740)

56. Leiden, the Netherlands (1550)

57. Fredrikstad fortress, Norway (1663)

58. Castel del Monte, Italy (1240)

59. Ciudad Rodrigo, Spain (1400)

60. Toul, France (1698)

61. Karlovac, Croatia (1579)

62. Nesvizh Castle, Belarus (1582)

63. Star Castle, Isles of Scilly (1593)

64. Heraklion, Greece (1462)

65. Wisłoujście Fortress, Poland (1609)

66. Fort Ticonderoga, USA (1755)

67. Krzyżtopór, Poland (1621)

68. Citadel of Lille, France (1667)

69. Berwick-upon-Tweed Castle, England (1552)

70. Galle, Sri Lnka (1663)

71. Fort de Bellaguàrdia, France (1678)

72. Castle of Santa Catalina in Cadiz, Spain (1597)

73. Fort Cumberland, England (1785)

74. Älvsborg fortress, Sweden (1653)

75. Deal Castle, England (1539)

76. Fort-de-France, Martinique(1768)

77. Diest, Belgium (1830)

78. Drop Redoubt, England (1804)

79. Elvas, Portugal (1659)

80. Hulst, the Netherlands (1759)

81. Citadel of Spandau , Germany (1594)

82. San Carlos fortress, Mexico (1770)

83. Făgăraș Citadel, Romania (1610)

84. Fort Malborough, Indonesia (1713)

85. Santa Luzia fortress, Portugal (1641)

86. Vardøhus Fortress, Norway (1450)

87. Fort Nieulay, Calais, France (1667)

88. Coevorden, The Netherlands(1600's)

89. Grosseto, Italy (1574)

90. Fort Belgica, Indonesia (1667)

91. Mdina, Malta (1540)

92. Fort Wayne, USA (1845)

93. Citadel of 's-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands (1637)

94. Citadel of Parma, Italy (1591)

95. Fort Santiago in Manila, Philippines (1590)

96. Fort New Amsterdam, Suriname (1747)

97. Fortress of Suomenlinna, Findland (1748)

98. Copenhagen, Denmark (1606)

99. Citadel of Belle-Île-en-Mer, France (1549)

⭐ 100. Interesting fact: After the War of the Spanish Succession and in order to maintain control over Barcelona, King Philip V built a star-shaped citadel, at that time the largest fortress in Europe

Its canons were always pointing to the city.


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