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Mike Gow 高英智
+ Your AuthorsArchive @mikeygow Lecturer (Asst Prof) in Bus Mgt @EHU_Business Consumerism, Citizenship & Identity in Xi Jinping’s China. Father 父亲 Husband 丈夫 Brother 兄弟 Son 儿子 #Everton #Celtic May. 03, 2021 2 min read

Hmm. This paper makes some very valid points about the concentration of resources in elite universities.

But a few crucial errors. #thread

Reading, there’s very little discussion of the key national vs provincial university distinction.

This table shows some data. Couple of questionable claims in notes:

** - No 985 universities are under control of provincial governments
*** - Project 211 universities funded by central govt Ministries - provincial location less relevant

All Project 211 (which includes the Project 985 which, in turn, includes the C9 Group) are funded by central govt ministries. Mostly MoE. But several by MoD, MoST.

Universities outside this group are under provincial jurisdiction. MoE won’t include any research funds for these - or other major revenue streams - because it comes via provincial channels.

For example, Shanghai Municipal Education Commission had spent nearly ¥26bn on higher education in 2019

That’s basic costs and programme costs.

One of the greatest challenges studying the the resources of universities in PRC is the fractured and inconsistent reporting of provincial bureaus. MoE and bureaus provide tons of info, but often impenetrable and not fit for comparison (not consistently formatted)

Here’s Shanghai Municipal Education Commissions final accounts for 2019. 

Here’s their budgets for 2021. 

Just looking at them is enough to make you want to give up analyzing the HE expenditure of one single municipality.

But wealthier provincial bureaus can and do fund their universities extensively - and a provincial uni in Beijing or Shanghai can be extremely well resources, though not by central government.

The brain drain argument is definitely an issue - but this is because key national unis are more research focused and can offer scholars opportunity to apply for (and win) more prestigious central govts funding.

Final point (and I might dig this up): universities aren’t in competition.

They develop their 5yr plans based on MoE/provincial bureau 5yr plans. Devise strategy to deliver on their core competencies - research outputs, no. of graduates in certain disciplines etc

This came up in interviews with President of provincial uni and former Vice President of a C9 in 2012

He specifically said (to effect of): “our purpose isn’t to compete or show world how smart we are; it’s to serve the devt objectives and contribute to provincial/national devt”

You can follow @mikeygow.


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